How to sort and dispose of household waste responsibly – food waste, paper, glass, paints, solvents, batteries, etc.… here is where to send stuff so it does the least harm.
Curbside pickup of garbage, compost and recycling:
To facilitate recycling and waste management, first determine just what services are available in your municipality so you can sort your waste properly. Not all collection and disposal services are the same in all regions - recycling, compost collection, toxic waste depots, etc., but your local municipality will be able to provide you with that information.
It goes without saying, since you probably already know if you have a bin for recycling and another for composting, but just in case… either check with your municipality, or keep an eye on what your more waste-savvy neighbours may be putting out, and when.
For all types of waste disposal, please keep the well-being of your local waste collectors in mind and keep it as clean and safe for them as possible. Garbage and recycling bins can build up mould; it would be thoughtful to clean them out regularly. That is a simple matter of some vinegar and baking soda, a scrub with an old broom and a quick shot with a hose.
Rinse out food containers to deter vermin, don’t over fill your bins, and keep them covered from the elements. The worker’s job is tough enough already, having garbage water run down your legs when you pick up a bin wouldn’t make it any more enjoyable.
Composting kitchen waste:
If you are designing or remodelling a kitchen, plan in advance how you will sort your compost and recycle bins. Some kitchen design companies offer sorting containers built right into their counters. You can also opt for a homemade design and convert a vacant space in the kitchen into a waste collection area. The important thing is to provide enough space to sort and store your materials.
Plastics, cans and bottles:
It’s worth a bit of time to at least rinse containers before disposal. Ideally, after opening both ends, the cleaned cans would be flattened. A little foot action does it quite nicely. Same goes for large plastic juice bottles; stomping to compress frees-up a lot of space in the bin.
Just as with plastics, by breaking down boxes you can pack a lot more in your bin. Even tissue boxes can be opening and flattened, but the plastic insert belongs in the garbage. We realize that all this takes time – so do what you can in the time that you have. Pizza boxes do belong here, but the food waste must be scraped off.
Composting is relatively simple and requires little investment. Making this minor lifestyle adjustment can reduce your curbside garbage by close to half. Curbside compost collection is becoming more commonplace, but even so, some green-thumbed homeowners forgo that service and instead take advantage of the vegetable waste they generate to facilitate a more productive garden.
In order for your compost to be healthy, you will need to ensure that its composition is varied and mixed.
Fruits and vegetables contain a lot of water, so balancing them with drier materials such as stale bread, dead leaves, newsprint and cardboard will help develop a rich mix. Having too little moisture content in your compost is an easily rectified problem, but limit the amount of liquids you introduce in the first place. Keep a lid on the composter to avoid odour and, if gnats fly in your face each time you lift the lid, a thin layer of soil spread on top will suppress the pests.
Some leaves can be added to vegetable compost, but larger quantities can be composted in a pile of their own. As with vegetable compost, occasionally turning leaves over with a garden fork speeds up the decomposition.
Cutting your waste vegetables into smaller pieces is another tip that can speed up the decomposing process, similar to the way chewing your food well gives your stomach a head start.
With the exception of egg shells, don't include meat and dairy products in your compost. This can produce strong odors and attract animals. You can reduce the smells animal products will generate by keeping them in a marked bag in the freezer until garbage day.
It is important that any liquid animal fat or grease not be poured down the drain, whether you are on a rural septic system or city sewer. Once these oils are cold, they can congeal and create blockages in drain pipes. Pour warm fats into containers and leave them until they set, then wrap them in newspaper and discard the container with other waste meat products. Small amounts of vegetable oil can be added to the compost bin, but in excess it will slow down the action.
Solvents, paints and other toxic materials:
Ever wonder what to do with solvents, pesticides, paint, motor oil and flammable materials, to name a few? This is where you will need to check with your municipality. Some offer collection on certain days at certain times of the year, others provide a depot location where all these dangerous materials can be brought and sorted on site. It can be worth asking at local building supply box stores because some offer this service, either permanently or on occasion.
Whatever you do, please fight even the slightest temptation to sneak this stuff out in your regular trash; everything in this world flows downstream and comes back to us in our drinking water.
Disposing of fluorescent tubes:
Fluorescent tubes and compact fluorescent lightbulbs (CFLs) contain mercury gas which is very toxic to humans. Use caution when disposing of them; if they break inside your home, you should air out your home immediately. Some box stores will accept old bulbs. Ultimately though, they should be treated with the same care as other toxic materials in your home.
Where to dispose of old batteries:
Batteries are harmless looking in appearance and obviously safe to touch when they haven’t leaked, but their components are considered hazardous household waste. The heavy metals they contain are corrosive and can contaminate soil and water if they are sent to a landfill.
Public libraries in many municipalities have a drop-off location for used batteries, and many retailers dealing in hardware and/or electronics will accept old batteries from their customers. Here is a short list; Bell Mobility, Staples, Canadian Tire, FIDO, Home Depot, The Source, RONA, TELUS Mobility and IKEA.
There may be others, and some on this list may no longer offer these services, so call ahead.
Short of finding a retailer that will accept old batteries, store them with other toxic waste (paints, solvents, etc.) for when you make a trip to a toxic waste depot.
Disposing of old computers and electronics:
Electronic equipment like televisions, computers, monitors and printers contain dangerous, but recyclable materials. For this reason, they have value, so finding a place to dispose of them safely (and for free) can usually be found by a simple keyword search of ‘dispose of old computer’ and your local region; you will probably find multiple options nearby.
Before you get rid of an old computer, make sure it doesn’t contain any sensitive information. If you are getting rid of a computer because it won’t run, remember that information it contains could still be retrieved by someone who knows what they are doing. As a precaution, you may want to consider consulting a distributor about wiping the hard drive of any information.