Garbage is a major contributor to the greenhouse gas emissions heating up the atmosphere and causing climate chaos. People generate over 3.5 million tons of solid waste every day worldwide, and the United States tops the list of trash-producing countries. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. citizens average about 4.4 pounds of trash per person each day.

Wasted food makes up a large percentage of all that garbage. Globally, we throw out around 1.8 billion tons a year. Growing crops and raising livestock requires enormous amounts of land and water, which are often polluted by fertilizers or animal waste. Additionally, farming practices like monocropping deplete important nutrients from the soil.

Fossil-fuel derived plastics are even more environmentally damaging. Worldwide, we produce roughly 100 million tons of plastic each year. These products release greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere and continue to do so long after we discard them.

Where Does Trash Go When We Throw It Out?

While some plastic items are recycled, many single-use products like bottle caps, straws, and grocery bags are incinerated or sent to landfills. These plastics can take over 400 years to break down. Affluent countries often rely on developing nations to process this waste, which can result in serious health effects for local residents. Plastic even finds its way into our oceans, harming marine life and disrupting carbon absorption from the atmosphere.

In addition, food and other organic waste often end up in landfills or open dumps. As it decays, methane gas is released, which contributes to global warming. Animal products, such as meat and dairy, have a much larger carbon footprint than plant-based foods, so discarding those items compounds the effect on our environment.

What is Zero Waste Living?

One initiative to reduce the environmental impact of household trash is the zero-waste movement. Participants reduce the amount of garbage they create by adopting more eco-friendly habits and opting for zero waste products with little or no packaging. Thankfully worldwide some grocery chains like Coles in Australia have started a zero waste supermarket pilot scheme.

What are the 5 Rs of Zero Waste?

A zero-waste lifestyle involves five core principles intended to reduce household garbage, which are:

  • Refuse – avoiding products that come in disposable packaging, especially plastics.
  • Reduce – making careful choices about purchases and buying only what you actually need.
  • Reuse – purchasing used goods whenever possible, repurposing existing items, and opting for reusable alternatives to single-use products.
  • Recycle – diverting as much plastic, cardboard, glass, and metal as possible to programs that reduce the need for more raw materials.
  • Rot – composting household waste using bins and other tools to break down organic material and convert it into nutrient-rich soil. Although be careful - for example discover why you should never use coffee grounds on plants and in the garden as mulch here.

How to Create Your Own Zero Waste Home

If you want to live a greener, more sustainable lifestyle, consider adopting new habits in your household, such as:

  • Replacing plastic items when they wear out with alternatives made of glass, wood, or other durable, eco-friendly materials.
  • Choosing greener household cleaners and personal care products that come in minimal or compostable packaging.
  • Opting for a refillable water bottle or a reusable coffee mug and using metal or glass straws.
  • Switching to a diet with more plant-based foods.
  • Growing your own vegetables in containers or a garden.
  • Cooking at home, eating more leftovers, and creating menus based on what's in your pantry to reduce spoilage and waste.
  • Bringing your own containers when you dine at restaurants to preserve leftovers and avoid plastic take-home boxes.

Does Zero Waste Make a Difference?

It may seem impractical or even impossible to eliminate all of your garbage. However, even small steps in the right direction can have an impact. Get started by focusing on a few simple swaps or actions rather than completely overhauling your whole life all at once.

To adopt a zero-waste lifestyle, set small, achievable goals for yourself and add new habits over time. This approach helps reduce frustration while increasing awareness of how much trash your household actually generates. Expecting perfection right away can be disheartening, and a slow transition is more likely to succeed over the long term.

In addition to striving for zero waste, look for other ways to reduce your ecological impact. Driving less, increasing your home's energy efficiency, supporting green businesses, and voting for local and national environmental legislation are additional steps you can take. By taking responsibility and working together to change larger policies and practices, we can all do more to protect our planet and its resources.

Now you know about living a zero-waste lifestyle, find more pages about reducing consumption and other green lifestyle choices in these pages : 

Find more about green home construction in the Ecohome Green Building Guide pages - also, learn more about the benefits of a free Ecohome Network Membership here.