Wood / Guides

Stairs made from reclaimed barn beams
Wood and organic materials

All about wood

...wood comes from a sustainably managed forest , so FSC labelled wood is always preferred. Where to buy wood: Wherever you live in Canada, there is without a doubt wood being harvested not too far away. If you want to ensure your wood qualifies in some sense as 'local', you can start first of all by species selection...

High efficiency wood stoves
Wood stove and biomass heat

Heating with wood and biomass fuel

...Wood Pellet stoves: A pellet stove looks pretty much like any wood stove, and gives you the same localized heat and ambience. But rather than firewood, pellet stoves only burn compressed waste-wood products, grain, seed or corn. One major difference with a pellet stove over a wood stove, is that they have a hopper ...

Timber frame construction
Wood and organic materials

Wood frame construction

...wood (when dry) is made up of carbon, which remains in the wood even after it has been harvested. It has thus been shown that using one square metre of wood in construction removes 0.9 tons of CO2 from the atmosphere. That means that a typical wooden structure measuring approximately 2,400 sq.ft. retains the equivale...

Shou sugi ban carbonized wood siding
Exterior cladding

Shou sugi ban carbonized wood siding from Japan, what is it & how to make it?

...wood. Cedar and larch are local, very durable and resistant to rot. This process can also be done with other common woods such as pine, hemlock, maple or oak and is the perfect finish to the exterior of a variety of wood framing materials . How carbonized wood finish is made: Wooden boards are burnt on each side,...

High efficiency fireplaces and how to choose one
Wood stove and biomass heat

Choosing the right wood-burning stove or fireplace for both heat output & the environment

...wood burner as a primary heat source and don't own your own woodland so are buying fuel in, in which case you could also consider a high efficiency and electricity free wood pellet stove by reading here . Built-in wood stove or freestanding wood stove: Built-in wood stoves look more like a fireplace from the days o...

White pine floors finished with Rubio Monocoat, a zero VOC durable oil
Flooring and stairs

Sanding your own wood floors

...wood floor again, something that you mop or vacuum once a week. Floor preparation, the first step to the perfect wood floor Before attempting the refinishing of a wood floor, know what you're tackling first. Is your floor old floorboards that have been covered with carpet? Are they good enough for sanding and finis...

Wood Combustion - How it works and the different stages
Wood stove and biomass heat

Wood Combustion – How Firewood Burns & How to get the best heat while being eco-friendly

...wood for heat goes, so first rule of wood burning in stoves or fireplaces is; Burn Dry Wood! Maximum moisture content should be considered around the 15-20% range, so when choosing firewood, make the humidity a consideration as well as what type of wood . Unlike the moisture in soggy or unseasoned logs, volatile gase...

Wood pellet stoves that don't need electric ideal for off grid operation
Wood stove and biomass heat

These wood pellet stoves for off-grid heating don't need electric to operate

...wood stoves produce less than un-certified stoves and pellet stoves produce less than EPA-certified wood stoves, they are closer to gas stoves in the emissions they produce. To read more about the wood combustion process and to understand how to burn firewood efficiently, see here . Fine particle emissi...

Which wood is best for framing timber frame construction in homes?
Wall assemblies - new construction

Lumber choices for wood frame construction - choosing timber for framing & building homes

...wood veneer plywood © Columbia Forest Products Plywood Plywood is most commonly found as a 4 x 8' panel that is made from thin sheets of wood veneer that are bonded together using phenol formaldehyde glues, although certain manufacturers are leading the way with formaldehyde-free plywood products. Plywood is us...

Concrete, wood and steel structures compared - Timber Frame wins!
Materials and resources

How wood structures compare to steel and concrete for Carbon Footprint

...wood need to be treated? If you were to compare a borate-impregnated wood structure with a galvanized steel structure, steel would have 1.8 times higher greenhouse gas emissions over wood. Galvanizing steel also requires 83 times more water than treating wood with borate. Further Reading for Wood Framing Choices: ...

Non-toxic food safe natural wood finishing oil for counters, floors, decks
Paints, finishes and natural coatings

Natural wood finishing oil is non toxic too

...wood finishing oil can even be used on childrens toys © Livos Kunos is an impregnating wood oil that acts as a dye, sealant and finish; it bonds with the interior of the wood but continues to let it breathe. This helps preserve the natural beauty of wood and enhance the grain and colour. As far as durability ...